Flagstone is a large, flat type of sandstone that is commonly used for paving roofs, but also for creating patios and walkway designs.
Flagstones can be laid to look uniform, but for the most part, a flagstone patio design will look similar to other stone patio designs, with lots of creativity and different sized stones next to one another.
What You Should Know about Laying Flagstone Patio Designs
When laying flagstone patio designs there will be some differences as compared to laying regular stone or brick. This has to do mostly with the thickness of the stone and the large size. Although stone, brick and paver patio designs can be laid without cement, many experts will suggest laying flagstone with cement in order to prevent sand from creeping up and covering the entire patio or from having problems with the stone chipping away in the future.
Here are the basics of laying patio designs with flagstone:
1. It is extremely important to find a level area for these types of patio designs. It will help to ensure that the flagstones remain in place and remain level because of their flat shape.
2. Next, mark off and measure the area where the patio will go, in order to correctly determine the necessary materials, including sand, cement and the number of stones for the design.
3. Instead of excavating 2-4 inches, as with most brick and stone designs, you will want to excavate to at least 4 inches, but can go to as much as 8 inches, depending on the thickness of the flagstones and the height you want your patio in comparison to the home.
4. After digging the excavated area, level off the excavating area and ensuring that the grade is correct so that water will run off away from the house.
5. From here, pour a 4-inch concrete slab, to help prevent cracking in the future. *
6. Within a day of pouring the slab, begin installing the stones, as the slab will help to reinforce the setting of the stones.
7. Use and pour a mixture of sand and Portland cement, mixing one parts cement to three parts sand, on top of the slab, making it at least 1 inch thick, but upwards of 3 inches thick, depending on the depth of the excavated area and the width of the flagstone.
8. Begin setting the stones in the desired patio design and tamp them into place.
9. Wait a day or two to let the sand and cement mixture seal and then use the same mixture to fill in the cracks of the flagstone.
10. Before the cement and sand mixture has partially dried, spray off the flagstones to remove any cement. Ensure that the cement mixture is dried before walking on the new patio.
*As an alternative, you can skip the pouring of the 4-inch slab of concrete, this is recommended by experts to help ensure that the flagstone will remain in place and free of chips or cracks.
Patios & Paver Patio Designs
Before you get started with brick paver patio designs, it’s important you spend a little time researching exactly what is involved in the process.
This is especially important for those people interested in do-it-yourself paver patio designs project.
One of the most important things to research when deciding on brick pavers for patio designs, is the actual design you will use in creating your patio.
Remember that the outcome of the design will help to enhance the overall beauty of the home and the landscape of the yard, so it is essential to spend time considering exactly how you will design the brick pavers. With stone patio designs, it may be a little easier to get away with organizing them as you work, but bricks are more uniform in appearance, so will be more noticeable if out of place.
Spend some time looking at patio designs in magazines and books, or even looking them up online before deciding which one works best for your home.
Consider The Following Popular Paver Patio Designs:
The simplest of designs for laying paver bricks, this is most often seen in laying bricks on a house. Although it is not particularly unique, it is a great design to start with for a first time bricklayer. When using this method, lay the first row of bricks side by side. On the second row, lay the edge of a new brick in the center of the brick above it. Continue this for each row until you are at the bottom.
A beautiful design, but a bit more complex for a new bricklayer, the pinwheel will start with a half brick in the center and four bricks making a square around it, touching each other on half of the brick. From here, the four bricks are surrounded by an eight brick square, and so on, until reaching the corners of the excavated area. This works well with equally proportioned areas.
The Basket Weave
This design incorporates pairs of bricks, with 8 bricks assembled to resemble one large square. Two sets of pairs will be laid horizontally and two will be laid vertically, or two as columns and two as rows. If you start in the upper corner of your excavated area, you will do as follows, going down first and then over. Two bricks standing horizontally, then two vertically, two horizontally and two vertically throughout the entire design.
This design works well with patios that will not be exactly straight or perfectly shaped. The herringbone requires setting all of the paver bricks in a diagonal shape all the way across the patio, with the ability to cut or shave off the bricks when reaching the end of the design space. To create the diagonal design, you will alternate with bricks facing diagonal to the right and then up against it with one facing to the left and continue to alternate. When reaching the sides of the design is where the cutting of the brick will come in to fit with the diagonal pattern.
Patio Pavers – Circular Pattern
Although it may be a bit tricky for those interested in do-it-yourself projects, a gorgeous design for a brick paver patio is a circular design. This usually only works if the patio design area is circular but can work if only the inside portion of the design is made circular. It is best to frame off the area if only making a portion circular. Begin by placing bricks in a layer around the outside and gradually work your way into the center, cutting the brick in the middle if necessary.
Need more patio design ideas? Take a look at our flagstone patio designs for more tips.