Planting flowers may seem as easy as purchasing them at the lawn and garden store, bringing them home and putting them into the soil, but this will not always ensure that they survive. There are some definite steps that need to be taken when planting flowers to be certain they will make it through a season, or if they are perennials or bulbs that they survive through the years.
Before you begin planting flowers it is absolutely essential to have a garden design picked out. Just going to the store and selecting garden flowers means you will just end up with a mess of different flowers that you may not need or end up wanting in the garden.
Decide on color patterns, where they will be located at, such as in a walkway design or patio design, and whether they will be spread out or close together.
Once you head to the store, be sure to check out how well the flowers will do in the area of the yard. Planting flowers that need lots of sunlight in a shady area just doesn’t make any sense because they will not flourish. You will also want to consider planting flowers that need a lot of water in areas of the yard that get lots of rainfall or that are near the sprinkler system.
Before planting flowers, it is absolutely necessary to check for signs of discoloration or disease. Even if the flowers didn’t look discolored when you first picked them up at the garden store, return them or discard them if you feel they may have a plant disease. Planting flowers with diseases will spread them into the soil and throughout the entire garden. This goes for bulbs as well. If the bulbs look to be discolored or weak, do not plant them in the garden.
Planting flowers within seven days of purchasing them in a container or purchasing the bulbs will ensure that they stay moist. It is best to plant within three days of purchasing, but if this is not possible, keep them in a cool location where the roots stay moist but not completely soaked.
Prepare the soil where you plan on planting flowers before you even bring the flowers out to plant. This means using fertilizers, organic pesticides, compost, and top soil mixed into the sand. Remember to always test the pH of the soil either with a home testing kit or with the help of landscaping companies who have experience testing soil to make sure the soil is well balanced between 6.5 to 7 before planting flowers.
Remember that when planting flowers that have come out of a container, it is important to break up the soil around the roots to help spread them into the ground. This simply means removing the root base from the container and massaging it with your hands to break it up slightly before placing it in a hole in the ground.
Lawn Watering Information – cumberland farms stocks
Now that you understand everything you need to know about fertilizers and feeding your lawn, it is time to learn about watering it. Your lawn will tell you when it lacks water by showing signs of stress.
These signs include the grass turning a silvery blue in some areas.
If this grass is not watered soon, it will turn brown before you know it. Another sign of lack of water is footprints in the lawn. A healthy lawn should spring back when stepped upon.
You can water your lawn at any time of the day if it is severely stressed, however, if you are merely maintaining your lawn, you should avoid late evening or middle day watering. Late evening watering can encourage the growth of fungus, while heat of the day watering can waste water. The best time of day for lawn watering is in the early morning, before the sun can scorch your landscape, giving it plenty of time to dry out before evening.
The best type of watering system is natural rainwater. However, there are many times during the growing season when rainwater is not available and other sources must be relied upon. At these times, you may rely on sprinklers to give your lawn adequate water for survival.
Tools For Watering Grass
There are several different type sprinklers available for watering grass in today’s market. Here’s a description of some of the available choices.
Hand-held nozzle sprayer: Great for ease of use. It screws onto the end of a hose and is hand operated, allowing the user to regulate the flow of water used. This type of watering system has a drawback though. The time it takes to water a lawn is probably unreasonable. Also, the hand-held sprayer doesn’t allow for even water flow, making some areas of your lawn more watered than others. This can eventually cause unevenness in the lawn.
Soaker Hose: This type of watering system is nice because it disburses the water at an even rate for deep down soaking. The problem is that this perforated garden hose is not durable and will eventually rot. Also the irrigation pattern may not be even. This type of watering system is probably better suited for flowerbeds instead of lawns.
Fountain Sprinkler: This is a simple hose-end head with holes to spray upward. It’s very effective on small areas. Also, it’s inexpensive and easy to set up.
Oscillating Sprinkler: This sprinkler hooks up to the end of the hose, and disperses water as the sprinkler bar moves back and forth. This type of sprinkler is great on square lawns, but must be moved often if you have a larger or irregular shaped lawn. Also, this type of sprinkler has a high evaporation rate.
Impulse Sprinkler: This is a hose end device that breaks the water stream to shoot a broad spray. It’s nice because it will water at a much higher rate than other type sprinklers. However, it needs high pressure to function properly and will probably be too strong of a spray for smaller lawns.
Fan Sprinkler: This type sprinkler waters the lawn in a circle. It attaches to the end of a hose, and the sprinkler spins. This is great for round or irregularly shaped lawns. A drawback to this sprayer is that all the corners may not be reached, and like the fountain oscillating sprinkler, much of the water will evaporate before it even reaches the roots of the lawn.
Automatic Watering System
Pop-up Spray Head: Now this is for heavy duty watering of larger lawns. The sprinkler is installed underground and pops up and down to water the lawn. It’s nice because it has low trajectory and high pressure, so there’s not much evaporation with this sprinkler. However, it is very expensive to install and the soil may not be able to absorb the water fast enough.
Fixed-riser Spray Head: This also is a heavy-duty water system. They’re less expensive than pop up systems, however, they can be seen and are hard to mow around.
Lawns require about one inch of water per week from rain or sprinkling. You can easily determine the amount of rainfall each week through the national weather service or local weather broadcasts. If your level is less than one inch, you need to supplement with a sprinkler system.
If using a sprinkler, you may wonder how you can tell when your lawn has received one inch of water? Well it actually depends on the type sprinkler you’re using and the water pressure at your home. A good way to measure output of your sprinkler is to use three empty cans, or rain gages, and place them at different distances from the sprinkler. Use the sprinkler for about one hour, then empty all the water into one can. Measure the amount of water in the can and divide it by three. This will give you the amount of water your sprinkler has supplied in one hour. Now you will be able to tell how long you should water your lawn to receive a uniform one-inch of water.
If you’re watering in new seeding, proper watering is imperative. Many seedlings are lost to improper watering.
The seeds must remain moist in order to germinate. Once the seed begins to sprout, the top inch of soil should never be allowed to dry out until the grass is well established. This means you may need to water several times during the day to protect new grass from the sun and wind, which both dries out the soil.
The key is to water the seedling frequently, not deeply. It should be constantly moist, but not soaked. A sprinkler with a fine spray is ideal in such situations.
Many of us live in communities that have water restrictions during certain times of the year. If this is the case in your area, remember, some water is better than no water at all. Water your lawn whenever you are allowed to do so.