CBD oil has become quite the buzzword since its significant rise in popularity. Scientific trials on humans have only just started due to the legalization of hemp-derived CBD in most states. However, anecdotal evidence of long-time users has shown very promising results for various ailments.
Where Does CBD Oil Come From?
CBD oil is made from the cannabis plant. There are three species of the cannabis plant, namely: Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, and Cannabis ruderalis. These plants contain hundreds of cannabinoids, as well as terpenes and oil. Terpenes are what give plants its natural aroma and smell.
Two cannabinoids have been extensively studies: THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (cannabidiol). THC is the psychoactive compound that causes euphoria and gives the user the associated high, once smoked or ingested. CBD is not psychoactive. This means that a user will not experience the high once they ingest or use pure cannabidiol oil.
Hemp is a variety of cannabis that contains less than 0.3% THC and is therefore legal to use, buy and sell. Any cannabidiol product with less than 0.3% THC will not give the user a high. Some products are indicated to contain CBD isolate, which means that all traces of THC have been removed. This is the safest option for anyone who does not want to risk a false positive on a drug test.
How is CBD Oil Made?
The oil and other cannabidiol products are produced by pressed hemp or cannabis biomass. Large quantities of hemp, for example, are pressed and then converted into isolate and spectrum powders.
Spectrum powders can either be full-spectrum or broad spectrum. Full spectrum cannabidiol products will contain cannabidiol, as well as other cannabinoids, terpenes oil and trace amounts of THC (less than 0.3%). Broad spectrum cannabidiol has had all traces of THC removed, but will contain the array of other cannabinoids and terpenes.
CBD isolate refers to a product containing pure cannabidiol. All other cannabinoids and THC have been removed.
These powders are then added to a carrier oil such as MCT coconut oil. It is then incorporated into various products – from tinctures to balms, CBD oil, and gummies
CBD and the Human Body
The human body has an endocannabinoid system. This system consists of receptors, molecules and enzymes that bind with each to improve communication between the cells in the body. Think of it as a very important molecular signaling system.
The main function of the endocannabinoid system is to create and maintain homeostasis, or balance, in the human body. Endocannabinoids can be found in the brain, organs, immune cells, tissue and glands. A balanced body is a healthy body. Immune response, metabolism (appetite), memory and brain function are all important systems that need to be maintained and kept in balance.
Expert research has shown that external cannabinoids interact with endocannabinoids in a similar manner by binding with the receptors. Some experts believe that cannabidiol can prevent the breakdown of endocannabinoids.
Learn more about the function of the endocannabinoid system here: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4789136/.
CDB Oil Benefits for the Human Body
It is understood that cannabinoids work with the human (and mammal) endocannabinoid system to support its basic function: maintaining balance and regulating functions such as sleep, mood, memory and nerve function (to name a few).
Based on this premise, it is no surprise that a vast amount of anecdotal evidence has shown positive effects of cannabidiol for various ailments. Here are a few health benefits linked to consuming CBD.
SOOTHES PAIN AND INFLAMMATION
Small studies on humans have shown that cannabidiol has anti-inflammatory property and can relieve symptoms of arthritis and other chronic pain.
REDUCES POSSIBILITY OF SEIZURE AND EPILEPSY
Researchers have a theory that cannabidiol can relieve the effects of seizures and epilepsy by influencing a receptor involved in seizure activity. The Food and Drug Administration has approved the first CBD-based medication called Epidiolex – for sufferers of rare types of epilepsy.
RELIEVES ANXIETY, STRESS AND SYMPTOMS OF DEPRESSION
Studies (mostly on animals, small studies on humans) have shown hopeful results in the treatment of mood disorders such as anxiety and depression. Many novices are, in fact, directed to cannabidiol and its uses as a possible remedy for feeling depressed or anxious. It is possible that cannabidiol influences serotonin receptors in the human body.
IMPROVES INFLAMMATORY SKIN CONDITIONS
Studies have shown that the cause of skin problems such as psoriasis, systematic sclerosis, dermatitis and eczema (amongst others) could be due to an unbalance endocannabinoid system. The anti-inflammatory properties of CBD have proven to be beneficial in relieving and treating such conditions and reduce dryness and irritation.
REGULATES SLEEP AND APPETITE
Studies have shown that cannabidiol interacts with serotonin receptors responsible for regulating appetite and digestion. It has also been proven to assist with falling asleep in staying asleep. This could also be related to the fact that CBD assist with anxiety levels, which is often the cause of irregular or interrupted sleep.
IMPROVES NEURO HEALTH
Recent research has shown promising results in the effects of CBD on neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s and multiple sclerosis (MS). It is thought that this is due to the anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant properties of cannabidiol.
Read this article to learn more about potential benefits humans can get from using cannabidiol products.
The exciting benefits of incorporating CBD products into healthy lifestyles are becoming more prominent. Increased scientific studies are being conducted on a large scale on humans and will inevitably raise the profile of this natural solution to many human conditions.